Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill with Cigar

Born: Nov 30, 1874 in Woodstock, England, United Kingdom
Died: Jan 24, 1965 (at age 90) in London, England, United Kingdom
Nationality: English
Famous For: Prime Minister of the UK during WWII

Born on November 30, 1874, Winston Churchill was mainly known for his leadership as Prime Minister of the UK during World War II against Germany.

Early Life

Churchill was born in Marlborough, England. His father played an important role, influencing him with his political career. At the age of eight, he was sent off to a boarding school and later, after graduating from Harrow, he enrolled in the Royal Military College to become a cavalry officer. His regiment was sent to India where he exercised his military training.

Leadership as a Politician

Churchill wanted to make policies rather than just follow them. He managed to get elected as a member of the Parliament in 1900. Five years later, Churchill was named Under-Secretary of State at the Colonial Office. His ascension was rapid and in 1908, he was named President of the Board of Trade and in 1910, he became Home Secretary.

Churchill’s Actions during WWI

When WWI began in 1914, Churchill started to become appreciated for his efforts to prepare England for war. However, he was also blamed for Britain’s failures at the attack on Dardanelles in Turkey. Soon after, the officials moved Churchill out of the government. Being forced out of politics led the British leader to fall into a depression, a time during which he started to paint.

After two years, in 1917, he was invited back to politics and a new position as Minister of Munitions was offered to him. One more year passed and Churchill was again moved up the ladder as Secretary of State for War and Air. His work in this position was mainly focused on bringing the British forces home.

Churchill’s Post-WWI Career

In 1921, Churchill became the Secretary of State for the Colonies, but he was not to remain in this seat for long as he had to step down only one year later due to health problems. His return to politics in 1924 got him a high position in the Conservative Party. He remained active in the political scene for five more years when he was once again out of government.

Life Outside the Government

Until 1938, when he started to speak against the Prime Minister, Churchill spent his time writing and painting. He continued to paint for the rest of his life. During that time, he wrote several books including his own autobiography. He continued to speak publicly giving speeches and warning about Germany’s rise, anticipating the Second World War.

Leadership during World War II

In May of 1940, Churchill became Prime Minister. His efforts were focused again on preparing Britain for war, trying to get the United States to join the war against Germany. He managed to get the Soviet Union involved as well which helped him save not only his country but Europe as well.

Legacy Post-War Activity

Winston Churchill was given credit for leading Britain during World War II and managing to defeat the German forces. In 1945, he resigned as Prime Minister at the age of 70. He continued to write and released a six-volume work about the war.

In 1951, he returned as Prime Minister, but only two years later he suffered a severe stroke that ended his political career. On January 10, 1965, he fell into a coma after a stroke and died 14 days later at the age of 90.