Moses (2)

Born: Unknown in Goshen, Lower Egypt
Died: Unknown (at age about 120) in Mount Nebo, Moab
Nationality: Hebrew
Famous For: Leading the Israelites through the desert

Moses was the seminal figure of the Old Testament and an important prophet of God. He is often credited with being the first person to properly organize and document the events of the Old Testament in a manner that can be more easily recounted and shared among successive generations, but this claim is not well documented of substantiated. Certain secular sources believe Moses was a major political leader who organized many tribes together in the land of Canaan.

Problems Surrounding Moses’ Birth

Moses was born in Goshen in Lower Egypt during the Bronze Age. The exact dates of his birth and death are lost to history. Certain sources list his lifespan at 1391–1271 BC and others suggest 1619 – 1592 BC as the era when he lived.

The story of the birth of Moses suggests he was born of a Hebrew woman who feared her child would be killed in a slaughter ordered by the Pharaoh. As is noted in the Book of Exodus, the population of the Hebrew people was growing and the Pharaoh was worried about uprisings of that the Hebrews would eventually aid the enemies of Egypt.

To curb the population, Pharaoh ordered the mass slaughter of newborn Hebrew boys. Moses’ mother put him in a basket and sent him adrift in the Nile River. He was eventually found by a member of the Egyptian royal family and taken care of for many years.

Return to His Roots

Moses grew up in the royal house of the Egyptians. He eventually learned he was of Hebrew birth and secretly gave up his royal standing and became a slave. To save one of his people, he murdered a slave master. Moses fled Egypt soon after and traveled to Mideon where the God of Israel spoke to Moses in the form of a burning bush.

Moses Frees and Leads the People

Moses returned to Egypt to confront Pharaoh and demand the release of the Hebrew people from slavery. Pharaoh refused and it took the Lord bringing many plagues upon the land to convince him. Even after their release, Pharaoh changed his mind and sent his chariots after them. They were drowned during the parting of the Red Sea. One the people of Moses were completely free of the Egyptians, they set out on a journey to the Promised Land.

Stories of Moses’ Leadership

According to the Bible, Moses lived to be well over 100 years of age. During his life he was known for many events. The receipt of the 10 Commandments from God would be the most famous. When Moses discovered his people worshiping a false idol, he destroyed the tablets in a fit of rage.

Moses also led his people through 40 years of wandering in the desert. This was a punishment from God because he felt they were insolent and unappreciative of what God had done for him. Moses never was able to enter the Promised Land. He was allowed to look at if before he died, but the Lord had punished him for doubting God in the legendary tale of Moses being told to strike a rock once for water, but he struck it twice.