Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin

Born: Dec 18, 1878 in Gori, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire
Died: March 5, 1953 (at age 74) in Kuntsevo Dacha, Kuntsevo, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Nationality: Georgian
Famous For: Leader of the Soviet Union for several decades
Awards: Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize in 1948

Joseph Stalin is often considered to be one of the most ruthless tyrants who ever ruled a major nation. To this day, the mere mention of Stalinism elicits negative thoughts. Even those who support communism and Marxism consider his reign over the Soviet Union to be a horrific black mark on history.

The Birth of Stalin

Joseph Stalin was born Losif Vissarionovich Stalin on December 18, 1878, in the country of Georgia. His mother was a housekeeper and his father was a cobbler. His father was also an alcoholic who severely abused both Stalin and his mother.

The Growth of a Revolutionary

As a teen, Stalin was enrolled in a seminary but had been expelled for a variety of reasons related to a lack of academic discipline. As he grew older, Stalin became fascinated with the works of Vladimir Lenin. He was inspired by Lenin to become a Marxist revolutionary and join the cause of the Bolsheviks.

Eventually Stalin would become a Bolshevik leader in the Caucasus region. Stalin helped organize worker strikes in the critical oil industry and also helped spread Bolshevik propaganda among the locals.

Dubiously, Stalin was involved in a great deal of criminal activity to help raise money for the revolutionary actions of the Bolsheviks. He was involved in a major bank robbery, increasing to his profile among the Russian secret police significantly. Eventually, he was sent to Siberia as punishment.

Leadership in the Russian Revolution

As a military and revolutionary planner, Stalin had a major role in the Russian Revolution of 1917. His skills and expertise were tapped to help during the Russian Civil War when he served as Commissar for Nationalities’ Affairs. Stalin was quite brutal in his role as he ordered deserters to be shot.

Becoming a Powerful Leader

Stalin was the engineer of the Red Army Invasion of Georgia in 1921. He was extremely successful and he was also extremely brutal. Lenin found Stalin’s actions extremely distasteful, but needed his help. Eventually, Lenin appointed Stalin as General Secretary of the Communist Party.

After Lenin’s death, Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union. This was against Lenin’s wishes prior to his death, but Stalin was able to seize power.

Rule of Joseph Stalin

The rule of Stalin was infamous for its massive brutality and suppression. Mass starvation was even used as a tool to crush dissent. During his reign, millions were slaughtered either through orders of execution via his purges or by way of execution. Stalin was able to rule with an iron fist because he consolidated his power slowly but surely until he maintained dictatorial rule.

There were only two major threats that Stalin ultimately faced. The first was Hitler’s Germany during World War II and then the United States in the aftermath of World War II. The Cold War with the USA took on new dimensions when the Soviets were able to develop an atomic bomb and also the delivery systems for such weapons of mass destruction.

Stalin’s Death

Stalin passed away in October of 1945. He had been a heavy smoker throughout his life. His death was attributed to a heart attack.