Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Born: Jan 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, NY
Died: April 12, 1945 (at age 63) in Warm Springs, GA
Nationality: American
Famous For: 32nd President of the USA

Franklin Delano Roosevelt, commonly known by the initials FDR, was the 32nd president of the United States of America. He is known for leading the US through World War II as well as the Great Depression. Franklin also increased the federal government’s powers through the use of a series of reforms and programs that were entitled “The New Deal.”

Early Life of FDR

Franklin was born on January 30, 1882, in his home, Hyde Park, in New York. He was the lone child of Sara Delano Roosevelt and James Roosevelt who were quite wealthy and equally prominent for many generations. During his childhood, Franklin Roosevelt enjoyed a lot of privilege. Since he was a lone child, the whole household had their attention on him. In fact, he was taught by governesses and tutors until the age of 14, when he was admitted at Groton School.

FDR’s College Years

In 1900, Franklin graduated from Groton and was admitted to Harvard University. Though an average student, he managed to become the editor of Harvard’s Crimson newspaper and a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. In addition to that, he managed to receive his degree in three years.

Franklin attended Columbia University to study law and in 1907, he passed his bar exam, although he did not receive a degree. He then spent his next three years in New York practicing law.

Political Beginnings

When Franklin was 28 years old, he was requested to vie for the position of New York Senator. He broke from his family’s tradition and ran for the position as a Democrat. Though the district had voted Republican during the last 32 years, he campaigned and won with a Democratic landslide.

He used his position as New York’s senator to oppose elements of the state’s Democratic political machine. This gained him national and he also accrued valuable political intrigue and tactics that would later come in handy. He formed an alliance with Howe Louis, who would trim and shape his career in politics for 25 years. In 1992, Roosevelt was reelected and served as the chairman of the agricultural committee.

Leadership as Vice President

Franklin D. Roosevelt wanted his political star to shine just like that of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt. However, he lost some elections. In 1920, Franklin was chosen to run for the seat of the vice-president alongside James M. Cox who was running for president. They ran on the democratic ticket and lost the election.

FDR’s Battle with Polio

During the summer of 1921, Roosevelt and his family went on a vacation to Campobello Island. He began to feel sick on August 10 and went to bed early. However, when he woke up the next day, he was feeling worse; he had a high fever and his legs were weak. By August 12, Roosevelt could not stand.

A couple weeks later, FDR was diagnosed with poliomyelitis which robbed him of the use of his legs. Roosevelt rose beyond his disability, keeping his charisma and humor. He bought a health spa where he used to go to ease his pain and even established a polio treatment center.

Leadership in the Presidency

During the 1932 general election, Franklin D. Roosevelt ran and won the United States office of the presidency, ultimately serving four consecutive terms. During this period, he saw the US through the famous Great Depression as well as World War II. Roosevelt did not live long enough, however, to finish his fourth term as president. He died on April 12, 1945, at his home in Georgia.